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Generating electricity from natural gas

Generating electricity from natural gas

August 31, 2023
It is one of the most energy-dense fossil fuels. It contains a large amount of energy. Thus, generating electricity from natural gas is effective.
Generating electricity from natural gas

Natural gas is an energy source that helps make electricity. It is a relatively cheap, reliable energy source. In Europe, about one-third of electricity comes from natural gas. It is like a backup for when the sun does not shine, or the wind does not blow and helps keep the lights on.

Natural gas for electricity

Natural gas is used in cars, homes, and businesses. It is extracted from the and gets sent to power plants.

  • Natural gas works with other clean energy like wind and solar.
  • When the sun is not shining, or the wind is not blowing, natural gas can still help.
  • But we must be careful about how we get the gas and use it to keep the air clean.

Natural gas turns into electricity through a few steps.

How is natural gas used to generate electricity?

Getting natural gas:

  • First, we extract natural gas from underground sources.
  • It is cleaned and sent to power plants using pipes.

Making electricity:

  • Power plants use the gas to make electricity in big machines.
  • The gas can burn to create steam, which turns turbines and makes electricity.
  • The heat from the gas can also spin turbines and create electricity.

Read more about the generation process:

Combustion: Natural gas is burned in a combustion turbine or a gas-fired power plant. The heat produced during combustion is used to drive a turbine.

Turbine Operation: The turbine is connected to a generator. As the turbine's blades spin, they turn the generator's rotor, creating an electromagnetic field.

Electromagnetic Induction: The spinning rotor within the generator's electromagnetic field generates an electric current through a phenomenon known as electromagnetic induction. This electric current is the electricity that is produced.

Transmission: The generated electricity is then sent through power lines and transformers to increase its voltage for efficient long-distance transmission.

Distribution: After transmission, the electricity is distributed to homes, businesses, and industries through local power grids.

Natural gas to electricity conversion

Transporting Electricity:

  • Electricity travels through lines to homes, schools, and factories.
  • It powers machines, lights, and everything that needs electricity.

Convert natural gas to electricity: is it effective?

Natural gas is one of the most energy-dense fossil fuels, meaning it contains a large amount of energy per unit of volume. This makes it an efficient fuel for power generation, as a relatively small amount of natural gas can produce significant electricity.


Compared to coal and oil, natural gas is considered a relatively clean-burning fossil fuel as it emits fewer greenhouse gases and pollutants when burned. This makes it a favored option for electricity generation, particularly as a transitional fuel towards more sustainable energy sources.

While natural gas-based power generation is effective and efficient, it is important to note that it is still a fossil fuel contributing to carbon dioxide emissions.